So by what historical standard should the New Deal be judged? Ingo Niermann, Joshua Simon Eds. However, real wages rose, allowing workers to improve their diet, buy consumer goods and afford better housing.
New goods and services included television, air conditioning and commercial aviation aftercreating enough new demand to stabilize the work week. A fixed relationship between historical rates of global energy consumption and the historical accumulation of global economic wealth has been observed.
Ideology aside, its very size made the federal government in the s a kind of ninety-pound weakling in the fight against the looming depression. Collections are manufactured at dizzying speeds and sold for extremely low or incredibly high prices.
Human capital has been included in both neoclassical and endogenous growth models. They are right to say that the human impact on the planet is enormous and irreversible.
Now, I would say this of course, but no, it is not right. Daniela Zyman, Cory Scozzari Eds. Roosevelt, Second Inaugural Address, January 20, http: But the clarity with which he makes them, and his refusal to obfuscate, are refreshing. Like any series, it unfolds over time, in associative parts, using descriptive and poetic exhibition titles to develop a cumulative experience.
But was the Medinan polity a state, and is the state a necessity? This extensive volume loosely catalogues four hundred and twenty works from this series at a one-to-one scale, in precisely rendered photographs.
This is what intelligent green thinking has always called for: From the genus blade fans out a number of ever-evolving species, each seeking out and colonizing new niches. I mainly use it for typing. Rather, they are shaped by always-evolving social, institutional, and physical relations.
Those benefits are what keep us largely quiet and uncomplaining as the machine rolls on, in the words of the poet R. When the rule of law is absent or weak, the enforcement of property rights depends on threats of violence, which causes bias against new firms because they can not demonstrate reliability to their customers.
For my yoke is easy and my burden is light. It was accompanied by the usual shrill demands for optimism and hope, but there was no disguising the hollowness of the exercise. They had killed off most of their prey and expanded their numbers beyond the point at which they could all survive.
A Recent History of Self-Organized Art Education is a chronicle of self-organized art schools and artist-run education platforms that have emerged since What are the contemporary conditions of labour producing this new state of affairs, and what re-skilling does it ask of artists?
The increased output included more of the same goods produced previously and new goods and services. A conservative happy with his little cabin and occasional hunting excursions, and a progressive happy with her little SoHo flat and occasional poetry slams, are psychologically pretty similar.
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Given the demography of the labor force and prevailing cultural norms that kept most women—and virtually all married women—out of the wage-paying economy, a 25 percent unemployment rate meant that, for all practical purposes, every fourth household in America had no breadwinner.
Repeatedly he spoke of this, saying that it was enormously puzzling to him that the ordeal of the past three years had been endured so peaceably. Economic inequality Some theories developed in the s suggested possible avenues through which inequality may have a positive effect on economic development.
The lingering distortions in trade, capital flows, and exchange rates occasioned by the punitive Treaty of Versailles, as the economist John Maynard Keynes observed at the time, managed to perpetuate in peacetime the economic disruptions that had wrought so much hardship in wartime.
He was talking, rather, about those farmers and immigrants and African Americans who had long languished on the margins of American life and whom he hoped to usher into its main stream. Capital accumulates through investment, but its level or stock continually decreases due to depreciation.
It is a complex, working ecosystem that is also a human-culture-system, because in any kind of worthwhile world, the two are linked. A couple have traumatic experiences that make them leery of affiliating with a particular side — did you know the prosecutor in the Ferguson case was the son of a police officer who was killed by a black suspect?
With an extended introduction by the editors, the book invites reflection on how fictions proliferate, take on flesh, and are carried by a wide variety of mediums—including, but not limited to, the written word.Re possible reasons for passivism: my personal one is that I had tried activism a few times over the years, and it backfired in various traumatic and unexpected ways, even though my words and actions were indistinguishable (to me) from those taken by other, much more successful activists.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
It is conventionally measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or real GDP. Growth is usually calculated in real terms - i.e., inflation-adjusted terms – to eliminate the distorting effect of inflation on the price of goods produced.
In an interview, outlining the salient features of the Islamic decoloniality project, Dr Syed Mustafa Ali calls out the matrix of colonial power which operates an insidious epistemology inflecting our ways of seeing and thinking. New content is added regularly to the website, including online exhibitions, videos, lesson plans, and issues of the online journal History Now, which features essays by leading scholars on major topics in American history.
Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.
Guy Mees The Weather is Quiet, Cool, and Soft Guy Mees’s (–) photographs, videos, and above all his fragile works on paper are characterized by a formal rigor combined with sensitivity and delicacy.Download